Databases and Referencing



Film and TV

Film and TV Literature Index – EBSCOHOST


Australian/NewZealand Reference Centre – (ANZRC) EBSCOHOST
Student Reference Centre – High School and Middle School – EBSCOHOST
Expanded Academic Index  – GALE Cengage Learning – UQ Library Cyberschool


World History in Context – GALE Cengage Learning – UQ Library Cyberschool
History Research Centre – EBSCOHOST


Gale Science in Context – GALE Cengage Learning – UQ Library Cyberschool
Science Reference Centre – EBSCOHOST – Applied Sciences, Earth Sciences, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Scientists, Space Sciences and Astronomy

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A Bibliography includes all sources consulted during research for your assignment.

Written assignments usually require a Reference List which includes only those resources actually referred to in the text of your assignment. The list may include different types of resources – books, magazine, newspaper and encyclopaedia articles, video programs, information from whole websites, or documents from online databases.

To assist preparation of a Reference List:

  • record the bibliographic information on a rough reference sheet as you use each resource

  • check details directly from the item – the correct spelling of names, places, titles etc

  • use Microsoft Word or other Online Bibliographic Sites to record your reference lists

  • NOTE: record the call number or location details of resources used in libraries to help you relocate the resource. Do not record these details on your final Reference List.

Include these details, in this order, for all items in your Reference List:
Author/Editor (surname first) date of publication, title, publisher, place of publication.

In brief, record NAPPY from each source consulted. Name, Author, Publisher, Place, Year, together with the URL (Universal Resource Locator), date viewed for online resources.

The exact format for each entry will depend on the type of resource, and the publication details that are available. Where information is not available, use abbreviations – n.d. for no date; n.p. for no publisher or no place of publication.

Here are examples showing how to list

  • a book with 1 author
    King, J 2012, A guide to referencing and bibliographies for secondary school students, 4th edn, SLAQ, [Mount Gravatt, QLD.]
    Wilkinson, C 2015, Atmospheric: the burning story of climate change, Black Dog Books, Newtown.

  • a book with multiple authors (if more than 7 use 1st Author + ‘et al.’)
    Dysart, D, King, N & Hanru, H 2006, Guan Wei, Craftsman House, Fishermans Bend, Victoria.

  • a book with an editor
    Oertel, A (ed.) 2013, The Queensland law handbook: your practical guide to the law, 12th edn, Caxton Legal Centre, South Brisbane.

  • author/editor unknown
    Collins world atlas: essential edition, 4th edn, 2015, Collins, Glasgow.

  • a journal, newspaper, or encyclopaedia article – author known
    Burrell, T 2015 ‘Circuit train your brain’, New Scientist, 22 August.

  • a journal, newspaper, or encyclopaedia article – author unknown
    ‘Global warming’ 2015, The World Book encyclopedia, vol. 8, World Book, Chicago, pp. 232-232d.

  • a journal article from an online database
    Burkette, M 2015, ‘Lessons from contemporary resettlement in the South Pacific’, Journal of International Affairs, vol.68. no.2., pp. 75-91, in Expanded Academic ASAP, viewed 20 November 2015, <>. (This is a shortened URL)

  • video program
    Handwriting tips 2015, video recording, Clickview Video, n.p.

  • online video
    ‘The enchanting music of sign language: Christine Sun Kim’ n.d., YouTube, online video clip, posted 19 November 2015 by TED TALKS, viewed 20 November 2015, <>.

  • a website
    Indooroopilly State High School, 2015, Indooroopilly State High School, Brisbane, viewed 20 November 2015, <>

  • a document within a website
    UNHCR 2012, ‘Protecting refugees: & the role of UNHCR’, UNHCR, viewed 20 November 2015, <>.
  • a Wikipedia article
    ‘Refugees’ 2015, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, last edited 19 November, Wikipedia Foundation, viewed 20 November 2015, <>

*Punctuation – use of capitals, quotation marks ‘ ‘, consistent and correct spacing between items in the entry, titles that are underlined or in italics are all important in the final presentation.

Accuracy of information and consistency in presentation are essential in a well-prepared reference list.

List your reference list in alphabetical order by the author/editor’s surname or the title where the author is unknown. 

Last reviewed 31 May 2020
Last updated 31 May 2020